The Talmud Yerushalmi says that the Ten Commandments are actually alluded to in the three paragraphs of Shema. So even though we do not say the Ten Commandments formally, it’s principles are right there in the Shema.
The first commandment of “I am Hashem Your G-d”,is found in the words שמע ישראל ה׳ אלקינו. “You shall have no other gods” is found in “ה׳ אחד”. Not taking Hashem’s name in vain is found in, “You shall love Hashem with all your heart.” Remembering Shabbat and למען תזכרו, in order that you remember. Honoring parents and למען ירבו ימיכם as honoring parents gives long life. Don”t kill and ואבדתם מהרה, you will perish quickly. No adultery and “do not turn after your heart. Do not steal and “Gather your grain” and not someone else’s grain. Bearing false witness and אני ה׳ אלוקיכם אמת, G-d is truth. And don’t covet comes from על מזוזות ביתך ובשעריך, a Mezuza on your door and not your friend’s door.
Might sound a little far fetched but pretty clever, nonetheless.