Two Shabbat Messages

Shavua Tov. In today’s Parsha, we read the Ten Commandments for the second time. The first reading was in Parshat Yitro.

There are slight differences between the two in reference to Shabbat. Aside from זכור, remember, in Yitro, and שמור, observe or anticipate, in Va’etchanan, there is another difference.

In Yitro, we are told to observe Shabbat because Hashem created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day. If Hashem, who does not need rest, rested, then certainly we, who need rest, should rest.

In Va’etchanan, we are told to keep Shabbat because we were slaves in Egypt and Hashem took us out in order to make us free men. The cessation from work one day a week as well as disconnecting from the technological world, is what shows that we are truly free.

The two important messages of Shabbat are clearly pointed. We need rest one day a week and we need to demonstrate that we are truly free.